Dengue fever symptoms prevention and treatment

symptoms-of-dengue-fever

Dengue fever is a severe disease caused by mosquito-transmitted viruses. That means Dengue is a mosquito-borne tropical disease, which if not treated in time can lead to death. Its symptoms begin to appear three to fourteen days after infection. Professional medical assistance is need immediately after Dengue viruses start dispersing through the body. The patient may generally take two to seven days to recover from fever. However, the complete recovery from joint pain and skin rashes may take a couple of weeks. A small proportion of Dengue cases turn into life-threatening hemorrhagic fever, notably resulting in low count of blood platelets, internal bleeding and blood plasma leakage.

 

Several species of mosquito, principally the Aedes type, may transmit Dengue virus. The virus can be of five different types. Infection with one type gives lifelong immunity to that particular type, but a short-term immunity to the other types. Subsequent infection with a different type of virus generally increases severe complications. Diagnosing the type of infection or virus is the first step to cure Dengue fever. Different tests are available today to diagnose Dengue, including antibodies detection to the virus or its RNA.

 

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Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Severe joint and muscle pain, skin rashes, vomiting, headache and high fever are some of the recognized symptoms of Dengue fever. Other symptoms may include swollen lymph nodes, fatigue and exhaustion. Symptoms may sometimes be mistaken in those with flue or other viral infections. So, on-time diagnosis is essential to identify Dengue symptoms. In more severe cases, the patient may experience dengue hemorrhagic fever which can be characterized by high fever, bleeding from nose and gums, failure of the circulatory system, damage to lymph and blood vessels, and enlargement of the liver. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding and shock, eventually leading the patient to death. This condition is generally called Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). People with weak immune system or second subsequent Dengue infection are more at the risk of dengue hemorrhagic fever.

 

Preventive Measures

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. It goes with Dengue fever as well. Seeking preventive measures to reduce the chances of Dengue? Here’s what you can do. Reducing mosquito habitats and limiting body exposure to bites is the best way to prevent Dengue fever. You can do this by ridding of or covering standing water and wearing the clothes that cover much of the body.

 

Treatment

Dengue fever is curable. In the initial stage, Dengue can be treated by medications in combination with prescribed diet. The medication may vary from case to case. Treatment of acute dengue may however include giving the patient fluid either by mouth or intravenously. In case of severe Dengue fever, blood transfusion may be needed. The patient may also be recommended rest and plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. About a half million people are admitted in hospitals every year for the treatment of Dengue infection. No specific medication is available for DHF. After clinical diagnosis, a health care provider can treat the DHF using fluid replacement therapy. DHF treatment generally requires hospitalization.

 

Author’s bio- Author of this article is successfully engaged in offering the best home healthcare services in Indirapuram (www.drooin.com), Ghaziabad. In the above write-up, the author has suggested symptoms, prevention and treatment of Dengue fever.

Posted by: Ram Prakash
Posted on: 02 Sep 2016