Chikungunya Virus Symptoms Prevention Diagnosis and Treatment

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Chikungunya has gone viral these days. Crowd, in the hospitals, nursing homes and clinics, is enough to speak about the outbreak of Chikungunya in Delhi NCR. Almost every medical establishment in the town is packed to its capacity and that too with Chikungunya patients. With growing number of patients each day, the disease has turned more an epidemic than a seasonal fever. Medical bodies in the country have failed to control the disease for want of basic diagnostic facilities, scarcity of beds and shortage of medical staff in the hospitals. Moreover, government’s efforts for Chikungunya disposal have proved quite insufficient.

 

Chikungunya is no more a nightmare, no more threat to life and no more a situation gone out of hand if you have the right treatment at the right time. The disease is reported to hit the aged people, generally above 60 who have feeble immune system. Also, a vast majority of young people is suffering from the disease these days.

 

What is Chikungunya?

Chikungunya is a severe disease caused by the chikungunya virus. The virus is transmitted by mosquito bites. Mosquitoes get infected once they feed on an infected person. Infected mosquitoes can then transmit the virus into other people trough bites.

 

Symptoms

People infected with Chikungunya virus experience common symptoms, which usually begin appearing 3 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Intense fever, severe joint pain, deficiency of water in the body, headache, joint swelling, skin rashes and muscle pain are some of the recognized symptoms of the disease. However, the disease doesn’t lead a patient to death. Some patients feel better within a week or so, while others may take more than 15 days to recover, depending on expansion of virus in the body and the treatment being given to them. In some cases, weakness and joint pain may persist for months. Newborns infected around the birth time, aged and people with diabetes, HBP or heart disease are at the risk of more severe disease.

 

Prevention

Chikungunya mosquito flourishes in the clean and standing water. It can be anywhere in your cooler, in the broken pots lay open in the unseen corners of your courtyard or roof, or in the pits of your garden or street filled with rain water. Wear full clothes to limit the body exposure to mosquito bite. Also, reduce mosquito habitats in your surroundings by ridding off or covering standing water.

 

Diagnosis

Chikungunya is spread by the same mosquito that transmits Dengue virus. So, the symptoms of Chikungunya are more or less similar to those of Dengue. Don’t panic if you develop Chikungunya symptoms or have visited an area where Chikungunya is found. All you need to do is visit your healthcare provider. The healthcare provider may prescribe a blood test to diagnose Chikungunya or other similar viruses like dengue.

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Treatment

There is no vaccine to prevent the virus. All you can do is to treat the symptoms. Get plenty of rest. Consume fluids to prevent dehydration. Take medicine such as Acetaminophen or Paracetamol to reduce fever and pain. Avoid taking aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Consult your healthcare provider if you already taking medicines for another medical condition.

 

Author’s bio- Being a home healthcare provider, the author of this article is concerned about Chikungunya that is going viral these days. Here, the author has suggested symptoms, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Chikungunya.

Posted by: Piyush Sinha
Posted on: 16 Sep 2016